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Wellness

Best 5 Medications For Addressing Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s illness is a condition that instills fear in everyone. It’s a type of cognitive decline that triggers memory loss, cognitive impairment, and behavioral issues. The symptoms typically manifest gradually and deteriorate over time, affecting the ability to complete daily tasks.

Receiving a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s, whether for yourself or a loved one, can be a devastating experience. While there isn’t a single diagnostic test or a cure for Alzheimer’s, there exist treatments that can help in managing its symptoms. Here are five medications often prescribed by doctors to alleviate Alzheimer’s symptoms.

Aricept

Aricept is an oral medication designed to tackle Alzheimer’s symptoms. It falls under the category of cholinesterase inhibitors, which are also utilized in treating various other conditions like Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body dementia, and Huntington’s disease.

Even though no cure for Alzheimer’s exists, Aricept can enhance memory, focus, and daily functioning. Moreover, it might help reduce irritability and hostility in individuals with Alzheimer’s.

Aricept functions as an enzyme blocker, reinstating the equilibrium of a chemical known as acetylcholine in the brain. Acetylcholine plays a crucial role in memory and learning. Your prescribed dose will be contingent on your medical status and reaction to treatment. The cost of a 30-tablet supply of Aricept could soar up to $542, but you can slash this expense using a pharmacy discount card from Buzzrx Discount App

Memantine

Memantine is another FDA-endorsed drug tailored to manage moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. It operates by hindering the activity of glutamate, a neurotransmitter implicated in Alzheimer’s onset.

Glutamate is a neurotransmitter pivotal for memory and learning. However, an excess of glutamate can have detrimental effects. When glutamate levels become excessively high, nerve cells can be overstimulated, leading to cell demise—a phenomenon known as excitotoxicity, which actively contributes to Alzheimer’s disease.

Memantine thwarts glutamate’s action, guarding nerve cells from excitotoxicity and death, thereby enhancing cognitive performance in Alzheimer’s patients.

This drug can be consumed in syrup or pill form. The dosage initiates at a low level and is gradually increased over several weeks or months. Common side effects involve headaches, dizziness, befuddlement, and weariness.

Note that memantine is not a definitive cure for Alzheimer’s disease, and its efficacy varies among individuals. If you contemplate using this medication, consulting your doctor beforehand is crucial.

Exelon

This prescribed medication is also employed to alleviate Alzheimer’s symptoms. Exelon operates by elevating acetylcholine levels, a crucial chemical for memory and cognition.

Exelon is offered in two formats:

  • a capsule
  • a skin patch

The capsules are usually ingested once or twice daily with food. As for the Exelon patch, it is generally worn for 12 hours before being replaced. It can be applied to two distinct body areas following a rotating schedule.

The most common adverse reactions to Exelon comprise:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • decreased appetite
  • weight loss
  • diarrhea
  • vertigo

If you encounter any of these adverse effects, seek advice from your physician. They might suggest an alternative treatment plan.

Antipsychotics

Antipsychotic drugs aid in ameliorating Alzheimer’s symptoms by diminishing hallucinations, delusions, and restlessness. Additionally, they can enhance cognitive performance and memory.

Haloperidol (Haldol), risperidone (Risperdal), and olanzapine (Zyprexa) are the most common antipsychotic medications used to address Alzheimer’s. Nonetheless, while these drugs are effective in managing Alzheimer’s symptoms, they may elicit certain side effects.

Frequent side effects include drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, and dizziness. Antipsychotic medications could also heighten the vulnerability to falls and fractures.

If you ponder taking antipsychotic drugs for Alzheimer’s, engaging in a dialogue with your doctor about the potential risks and benefits is imperative.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are a type of drugs commonly used to address anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. These medications can aid individuals with Alzheimer’s by alleviating anxiety and restlessness.

These drugs induce muscle relaxation, which diminishes anxiety levels. They also possess a sedative impact that can assist individuals with insomnia. Moreover, benzodiazepines can help manage seizures.

Some side effects are linked to benzodiazepines, such as drowsiness, dizziness, and disorientation. Additionally, these drugs can interact with other medications, and discontinuation may trigger withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, insomnia, irritability, and nausea. If you are contemplating stopping your medication, seek your doctor’s counsel first.

Conclusion

While Alzheimer’s still lacks a cure, several medications can enhance symptom management and elevate the quality of life for affected individuals. But, before commencing any medication, it’s crucial to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

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